<

This Article Statistics
Viewed : 61 Downloaded : 59 Cited : 0


 

The length-weight and length-length relationships of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) from Samsun, middle Black Sea region

Melek Özpiçak*, Semra Saygın, Nazmi Polat

Abstract

In this study, length-weight relationship (LWR) and length-length relationship (LLR) of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix were determined. A total of 125 specimens were sampled from Samsun, the middle Black Sea in 2014 fishing season. Bluefish specimens were monthly collected from commercial fishing boats from October to December 2014. All captured individuals (N=125) were measured to the nearest 0.1 cm for total, fork and standard lengths. The weight of each fish (W) was recorded to the nearest 0.01 g. According to results of analyses, there were no statistically significant differences between sexes in term of length and weight (P˃0.05). The minimum and maximum total, fork and standard lengths of bluefish ranged between 13.5-23.6 cm, 12.50-21.80 cm and 10.60-20.10 cm, respectively. The equation of length-weight relationship were calculated as W=0.008TL3.12 (r2>0.962). Positive allometric growth was observed for bluefish (b>3). Length-length relationship was also highly significant (P<0.001) with coefficient of determination (r2) ranging from 0.916 to 0.988.

Keywords

Pomatomus saltatrix, length-weight parameters, Samsun, middle Black Sea, Turkey

 

Volume 2, No 3, 28-36, 2017

Download full text   |   How to Cite   |   Download XML Files

References
  • Ak, O., Kutlu, S., Aydın, İ. (2009). Length-Weight Relationship for 16 Fish Species From the Eastern Black Sea. Türkiye. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 9, 125-126.
  • Arslan, M., Yıldırım, A., Bektaş, S. (2004). Length-weight relationship of brown trout, Salmo trutta L., inhabiting Kan stream, Coruh Basin, north-eastern Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 4 (1), 45-48.
  • Bagenal, T. B. & Tesch, F. W. (1978). Age and Growth. In: Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters, T. Bagenal (Ed). 3rd edn: IBP Handbook No.3, Blackwell Science Publications, Oxford.
  • Barger, L., E. (1990). Age and growth of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix from the Northern Gulf of Mexico and U.S. South Atlantic Coast. Fisheries Bulletin, 88 (4), 805-809.
  • Bal, H., Yanık, T., Türker, T. (2015). Length-weight and length-length relationships of The bluefish Pomatomus saltarix (Linnaeus. 1766) population in the South Marmara Sea of Turkey. Alınteri, 29 (B), 26-33.
  • Borah, S., Bhattacharjya, B. K., Saud, B. J., Yadav, A. K., Debnath, D., Yengkokpam, S., Das, P., Sharma, N., Singh, N. S., Sarma, K. K. (2017). Length–weight relationship of six indigenous fish species from Deepor beel, a Ramsar site in Assam, India. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 33, 655-657.
  • Briggs, J.C. (1960). Fishes of world-wide (circumtropical) distribution. Copeia, 3, 171-180.
  • Buckel, J. A., Sharack, B.L., Zdanowicz, V.S. (2004). Effect of diet on otolith composition in Pomatomus saltatrix, an estuarine piscivore. Journal of Fish Biology, 64, 1469-1484.
  • Cengiz, O., Ozekinci, U., Oztekin, A. (2012). The relationships between total length-otolith length of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix, (Linnaeus, 1766) from Gallipoli Peninsula and Dardanelles (North-eastern Mediterranean, Turkey). Journal of the Institute of Science and Technology, 2, 31-34.
  • Ceyhan, T. (2005). Bluefish in the North Aegean and Marmara region (Pomatomus saltatrix L. 1766) Some Characteristics of Population Studies, (Ph.D.) Ege University, Institute of Science and Technology.
  • Ceyhan, T. & Akyol, O. (2006). Age distribution and relationship between fork length and otolith length of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix L., 1766) in the Sea of Marmara. Ege University Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 23, 369-372.
  • Ceyhan, T., Akyol, O., Ayaz, A., Juanes, F. (2007). Age, growth, and reproductive season of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Marmara region, Turkey. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 64, 531-536.
  • da Silva, V. E. L., Teixeira, E. C., Batista, V. S., Fabré, N. N. (2017). Length–weight relationships of two mugilid species from tropical estuarine systems in Alagoas, northeastern coast of Brazil. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 33, 631-632.
  • Ergüden, D., Ergüden, S. A., Özdemir, O., Gürlek, M. (2017). Length-Weight Relationship and Condition Factor of Spotted Flounder Citharus linguatula (Linnaeus, 1758) in Iskenderun Bay, North-eastern Mediterranean, Turkey. NESciences, 2 (1), 11-17.
  • Frota, L. O., Costa, P. A. S., Braga, A. C. (2004). Length-weight relationships of marine fi shes from the central Brazilian coast. NAGA, WorldFish Center Quarterly, 27 (1), 20-26.
  • Garcia, C. B., Buarte, J. O., Sandoval, N., Von Schiller, D., Mello, N. P. (1989). Length-weight relationships of demersal fishes from The Gulf of Salamanca, Colombia. Fishbyte, 21, 30-32.
  • Haimovici, M. & Velasco. G., (2000). Length-weight relationship of marine fishes Southern Brazil. Naga. ICLARM Q. 23 (1), 19-23.
  • Hare, J.A. & Cowen. R.K. (1994): Ontogeny and otolith microstructure of bluefish Pomatomus saltatrix (Pisces: Pomatomidae). Marine Biology, 118, 541-550.
  • Hedeyati, S. A., Farsani, H. G., Gerami, M. H., Fricke, R. (2016). Morphometric variations among three populations of Alburnus zagrosensis (Coad, 2009) in the Zagros Mountain Basin, Iran. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, India Section B: Biological Sciences, doi 10.1007/s40011-0160819-7.
  • Jia, Y. T. & Chen, Y. F. (2011). Age structure and growth characteristics of the endemic fish Oxygymnocypris stewartii (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae: Schizothoracinae) in the Yarlung Tsangpo River, Tibet. Zoological Studies, 50 (1), 69-75.
  • Kalaycı, F., Samsun, N., Bilgin, S., Samsun, O. (2007). Length-weight relationship of 10 fish species caught by bottom trawl and midwater trawl from the Middle Black Sea, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 7, 33-36.
  • Kasapoğlu, N. & Düzgüneş, E. (2013). Length-weight relationships of marine species caught by five gears from the Black Sea. Mediterranean Marine Science, 15 (1), 95-100.
  • Kashyap, A., Awasthi, M., Serajuddin, M. (2014). Length-weight and length-length relationship of freshwater Murrel, Channa punctatus (Bloch, 1793) sampled from River Gomti in Lucknow Region (Uttar Pradesh). World journal of Fish and Marine Sciences, 6 (4), 336-339.
  • Kohler, N., Casey, J., Turner, P. (1995). Length-weight relationship for 13 species of sharks from the western north Atlantic. Fishery. Bulletin, 93, 412-418.
  • Le Cren, E. D. (1951). The length- weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and conditions in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). Freshwater Biology Association, 20, 201-219.
  • Ma, B. S., Xie, C. X., Huo, B., Yang, X. F., Huang, H. P. (2010). Age and Growth of a Long-Lived Fish Schizothorax o’connori in the Yarlung Tsangpo River, Tibet. Zoological Studies, 49 (6), 749-759.
  • Mohaddasi, M., Shabanipour, N., Abdolmaleki, S. (2013). Morphometric variation among four populations of Shemaya (Alburnus chalcoides) in the south of Caspian Sea using truss network. The Journal of Basic and Applied Zoology, 66, 87-92.
  • Moutopoulos, D. K. & Stergiou, K. I. (2002). Weight-length and length-length relationships of fish species from the Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 18 (3), 200-203.
  • Motamedi, M., Madjdzadeh, S. M., Teimori, A., Esmaeli, H. R., Mohsenzadeh, S. (2014). Morphological and molecular perspective on geographical differentiation of Barbus populations (Actinopterygii: Cyprinidae) within Iranian freshwater drainages. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 14, 339-351.
  • Morey G, Moranta J, Massutı E, Grau A, Linde M, Riera F, Morales-Nin B. (2003). Weight–length relationships of littoral to lower slope fishes from the western Mediterranean. Fisheries Research, 62(1), 89-96.
  • Ozdemir, S., Erdem, Y., Birinci Özdemir, Z., Erdem, E. (2009). Comparison of catch efficiency and size composıtıon of bluefısh (Pomatomus saltatrix, L.) fishing by bottom trawl in the Blacksea in October And November months. Erciyes University, Institute of Science, 25, 400-408.
  • Robillard, E., Reiss, C.S., Jones, C.M. (2008): Reproductive biology of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) along the East Coast of the United States. Fisheries Research, 90, 198-208.
  • Robillard, E., Reiss, C.S., Jones, C.M. (2009): Age-validation and growth of bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) along the East Coast of the United States. Fisheries Research, 95, 65-75.
  • Saylar, Ö. & Benzer, S. (2014). Age and growth characteristics of Carp (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in Mogan Lake, Ankara, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 46 (5), 1447-1453.
  • Singh, M. & Serajuddin, M. (2017). Length-weight, length- length relationship and condition factor of Channa punctatus collected from three different rivers of India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5 (1), 191-197.
  • Sinovcic, G., Franicevic, M., Zorica, B., Ciles-Kec, V. (2004). Length-weight and length-length relationships for 10 pelagic fish species from the Adriatic Sea (Crotia). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 20, 156-158.
  • Stergiou, K. & Politou, C. Y. (1995). Biological parameters, body length-weight and length-height relationships for various species in Greek waters. Naga, 18 (2), 42-45.
  • Tsagarakis, K., Başusta, A., Başusta, N., Biandolino, F., Bostanci, D., Buz, K., Djodjo, Z., Dulčić, J., Gökoğlu, M., Gücü, A. C., Machias, A., Maravelias, C. D., Özvarol, Y., Polat, N., Prato, E., Vasilakopoulos, P., Yedier, S. (2015). New Fisheries-related data from the Mediterranean Sea (October 2015). Mediterranean Marine Science, 16 (3), 703-713.
  • Turan, C., Oral, M., Öztürk, B., Duzgunes, E. (2006). Morphometric and meristic variation between stocks of Bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the Black, Marmara, Aegean and northeastern Mediterranean Seas. Fisheries Research, 79, 139-147.
  • Turan, D., Kottelat, M., Bayçelebi, E. (2017). Squalius semae, a new species of chub from the Euphrates River, Eastern Anatolia (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). Zoology in the Middle East, 63 (1), 33-42.
  • Van Beveren, E., Bonhommeau, S., Fromentin, J. M., Bigot, J. L., Bourdeix, J. H., Brosset, P., Roos, D., Saraux, C. (2014). Rapid changes in growth, condition, size and age of small pelagic fish in the Mediterranean. Marine Biology, 161, 1809–1822.
  • Vaslet, A., Bouchon‐Navaro, Y., Louis, M., Bouchon, C. (2008). Weight–length relationships for 20 fish species collected in the mangroves of Guadeloupe (Lesser Antilles). Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 24 (1), 99-100.
  • Villegas-Hernández, H., Lloret, J., Munoz, M. (2015). Reproduction, condition and abundance of the Mediterrenean bluefish (Pomatomus saltatrix) in the context of sea warming. Fisheries Oceanography, 24, 42-56.
  • Yılmaz S., Polat N., Yazıcıoğlu O. 2010. Length-weight and length-length relationships of (Cyprinus carpio L., 1758) in freshwaters of Samsun. The Black Sea Journal of Sciences, 1, 39-47.
  • Yılmaz, S. & Polat, N. (2011) Length-weight relationship and condition factor of Pontic Shad, Alosa immaculata (Pisces: Clupeidae) from the Southern Black Sea. Research Journal of Fisheries and Hydrobiology, 6 (2), 49-53.
  • Yılmaz, S., Yazıcıoğlu, O., Erbaşaran, M., Esen, S., Zengin, M., Polat, N. (2012). Length-weight relationship and relative condition factor of White Bream, Blicca bjoerkna (L., 1758), from Lake Ladik, Turkey. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 18 (3), 380-387.
  • Zar, J.H. (1999). Biostatistical Analysis. 4th ed. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.
  • Zengin, M., Saygin, S., Polat, N. (2017). Relationships between otolith size and total length of bluefish, Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) in Black Sea (Turkey). North-Western Journal of Zoology, 13 (1), 169-171.