<

This Article Statistics
Viewed : 229 Downloaded : 172


 

Morphological Anomalies Observed on Vertebralina striata dOrbigny, 1826 Test in the Northern Coast of Karaburun Peninsula (Izmir-Turkey)

Engin Meriç, Niyazi Avşar, Mehmet Baki Yokes*, Feyza Dinçer

DOI: 10.28978/nesciences.567116

Abstract

Morphological abnormalities have been observed on the test of recent foraminifer samples and locally different ecological conditions are suggested to be the cause of this phenomenon. Hypersalinity, presence of heavy metals, thermal springs, chemicals carried by the coastal and submarine springs found in karstic regions and rapid change in ecological parameters are suggested to play a major role in changing the ecological conditions that leads to abnormal test morphology in foraminifers. Abnormal test development, as well as twins and triplets are commonly observed in natural and artificial saltpans which form hypersaline environments. Submarine freshwater springs can cause extreme seasonal salinity variations on the coastal regions which affects the benthic foraminifer species and results in the abnormal test development. Vertebralina striata d Orbigny individuals with abnormal aperture morphology have been found in samples collected around the thermal springs in Çeşme-Ilıca Bay. More surprisingly, specimens with similar aperture abnormality have also been observed in samples collected from other two stations on the Karaburun Peninsula. Five of the abnormal specimens had two apertures the others had three. A specimen collected from Ilıca Bay had two apertures, one of which is the typical Vertebralina striata d Orbigny aperture, but the other was distantly located and rounded. Vertebralina striata d Orbigny is widely distributed in world s seas, however such aperture abnormalities has not been reported elsewhere. Observation of similar morphological abnormalities in three distinct locations suggests a common cause. The submarine spring found in Ilıca Bay supports the idea that spring waters affect the chemical composition of the seawater locally, leading to this aperture abnormality.

Keywords

Vertebralina striata, foraminifera, morphological abnormality, Karaburun, Turkey

Download full text   |   How to Cite   |   Download XML Files

References
  • Akkuş İ., Akıllı H., Ceyhan S., Dilemre A. and Tekin Z. (2005) Türkiye Jeotermal Kaynakları Envanteri. M. T. A. Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.
  • Almogi-Labin A., Perelis-Grossowicz L. and Raab M. (1992) Living Ammonia from a hypersaline inland pool. Dead Sea Area, Israel. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 22 (3): 257-266.
  • Alve E. (1991) Benthic foraminifera in sedimen cores reflecting heavy metal pollution in Sorfijord, Western Norway. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 21 (1): 1-19.
  • Asano K. (1951) 14. Rotaliidae. In L.W. Stach (ed.) Illustrated Catalogue of Japanese tertiary smlaeer foraminifera. Japan: Tokyo, Hosokawa Printing Co. 1-21.
  • Avşar N. and Meriç E. (2001) Çeşme-Ilıca Koyu (İzmir) bölgesi güncel bentik foraminiferlerinin sistematik dağılımı. H. Ü. Yerbilimleri, 24: 13-22.
  • Avşar N., Meriç E. and Ergin M. (2001) İskenderun Körfezi bentojenik sedimentlerinin foraminifer içeriği. H. Ü. Yerbilimleri, 24, 97-112.
  • Avşar N., Meriç E., Alramazanoğlu A. and Dinçer F. (2008) Antalya Körfezi (GB Türkiye) kıyı bölgesi bentik foraminifer toplulukları. H. Ü. Yerbilimleri, 29 (3), 111-136.
  • Azazi G. (1992) Recent seafloor benthonic foraminiferal analysis from the Gulf of Suez, Egypt. In Takayanagi Y. and Saito T. (eds.) Studies in Benthic Foraminifera: Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Benthic Foraminifera, Sendai, 1990. Japan: Tokai University Press, 135-149.
  • Baccaert J. (1987) Distribution patterns and taxonomy of benthic foraminifera in the Lizard Island Reef Complex, northern Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Ph. D. Thesis, Univ. Liege: C.A.P.S. Lab. Biosedimentologie.
  • Boltovskoy E., Scott D. B. and Medioli F. S. (1991) Morphological variations of benthic foraminiferal tests in response to changes in ecological parameters: A review. Journal of Paleontology, 65 (2): 175-185.
  • Cann J. H, Belperio A. P. and Colin V. M. W. (2000) Late Quaternary paleosealevels and paleoenvironments inferred from foraminifera, northern Spencer Gulf south Australia. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 30 (1), 29-53.
  • Cimerman F. and Langer M. R. (1991) Mediterranean foraminifera. Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, Akademia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica, Ljubljana.
  • Cushman J. A. (1917) New species and varieties of foraminifera from the Philippines and adjacent waters. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 51: 651-662.
  • Cushman J. A. (1929) The foraminifera of the Atlantic Ocean, Part VI, Miliolidae, Opthalmidiidae and Fischerinidae. Washington. United States National Museum, Bulletin, 104 (6), 129 p.
  • Cushman J. A. (1932) The foraminifera of the tropical Pacific collections of the Albatross, 1899-1900. Pt. 1. Astrorhizidae to Trochamminidae, Bulletin of the United States Nationl Museum, 161, i-vi, 1-88.
  • Çakmakoğlu A. and Bilgin Z. R. (2006) Karaburun Yarımadası nın Neojen öncesi stratigrafisi. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, 132, 33-62.
  • Daniels, C. H. Von. (1970) Quantitative ökologische analyse der zeitlichen und raumlichen verteilung rezenter foraminiferen im Limski-kanal bei Rovinj (nördliche Adria). Göttinger Arbeiten für Geologie und Paläontologie. 8, 1-109, pls. 1-8, Göttingen.
  • Debenay J.-P., Geslin E., Eicher B. B., Duleba V., Sylvestre F. and Eicher P. (2001) Foraminiferal assemblages in a hypersaline Lagoon, Araruama (R.J.) Brazil. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 31 (2): 133-151.
  • Elberling B., Knudsen K. L., Kristansen P. H. and Asmund G. (2003) Applying foraminiferal stratigraphy as a biomarker for heavy metal contamination and Mining impact in a fiord in West Greenland. Marine Environmental Research, 55: 235-256.
  • Erişen B., Akkuş İ., Uygur N. and Koçak A. (1996) Türkiye Jeotermal Envanteri. MTA Genel Müdürlüğü, Ankara.
  • Geslin E., Stouff V., Debenay J.-P., and Lesourd M. (2000) Environmental variation and foraminiferal test abnormalities. In Martin R.E. (ed,) Environmental Micropaleontology, New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, pp. 191-215. [Topics in Geobiology vol. 15].
  • Geslin E., Debenay J.-P., Duleba W. and Bonetti C. (2002) Morphological abnormalities of foraminiferal tests in Brizalian environments; comparison between polluted and nonpolluted areas. Marine Micropaleontology, 45: 151-168.
  • Graham J. J. and Militante P. J. (1959) Recent foraminifera from the Puerto Galera area, northern Mindoro, Philippines. Stanford University Publications, Geological Sciences, 6 (2), 1-171.
  • Haig D. W. (1988) Miliolid foraminifera from inner neritic sand and mud facies of the Papuan Lagoon, New Guinea. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 18, 203-236.
  • Hatta A. and Ujiie H. (1992) Benthic foraminifera from Coral Seas between Ishigaki and Iriomote Islands, Southern Ryukyu Island Arc, Northwestern Pasific. Bulletin of the College of Science, University of the Ryukyus, 53, 49-119; 54, 163-287.
  • Hottinger L., Halicz E. and Reiss Z. (1993) Recent foraminiferida from the Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Ljubljana: Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, Academia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica.
  • Loeblich Jr. A. R. and Tappan H. (1988) Foraminiferal genera and their classification. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.
  • Loeblich Jr. A. R. and Tappan H. (1994) Foraminifera of the Sahul Shelf and Timor Sea. Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication, No: 31.
  • McCulloch I. (1977) Qualitative observations on recent foraminiferal tests with emphasis on the eastern Pacific: PartsI-III. Los Angeles University of Southern California.
  • Meriç E. (1986) Deniz dibi termal kaynakların canlı yaşamına etkisi hakkında güncel bir örnek (Ilıca-Çeşme-İzmir). Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, 29 (2): 17-21.
  • Meriç E. and Avşar N. (2001) Benthic foraminiferal fauna of Gökçeada Island (North Aegean Sea) and its local variations. Acta Adriatica, 42 (1): 125-150.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N. and Nazik A. (2002a) Bozcaada (Kuzey Ege Denizi) bentik foraminifer ve ostrakod faunası ile bu toplulukta gözlenen yerel değişimler. Ç. Ü. Yerbilimleri (Geosound), 40-41: 97-119.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N. and Bergin F. (2002b) Midilli Adası (Yunanistan-Kuzeydoğu Ege Denizi) bentik foraminifer faunası ve bu toplulukta gözlenen yerel değişimler. Ç. Ü Yerbilimleri (Geosound), 40-41: 177-193.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Bergin F. and Barut İ. F. (2003a) Edremit Körfezi (Kuzey Ege Denizi, Türkiye) bentik foraminifer topluluğu ile ekolojik koşulların incelenmesi. Ç. Ü. Yerbilimleri (Geosound), 43: 169-182.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Bergin F. and Barut İ. F. (2003b) A note on three abnormal samples of benthic foraminifers from the Dikili Bay (Turkey) in northeastern Aegean Sea: Peneroplis planatus (Fichtel ve Moll), Rosalina sp. ve Elphidium crispum (Linné). Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration, 127: 1-14.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N. and Bergin F. (2004) Benthic foraminifera of Eastern Aegean Sea (Turkey) Systematics and Autoecology. Istanbul: Turkish Marine Research Foundation and Chamber of Geological Engineers of Turkey, Publication No: 18.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Nazik A., Alpar B., Yokeş B., Barut İ. F. and Ünlü S. (2005) Gemlik Körfezi nin yüzey çökellerinin foraminifer, ostrakod ve mollusk faunası, foraminifer kavkılarında gözlenen morfolojik anomaliler ile sedimentolojik, hidrokimyasal ve biokimyasal özellikleri. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, 131: 21-48.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Nazik A., Tunoğlu C., Yokeş B., Barut İ. F., Yücesoy-Eryılmaz F., Tuğrul B., Görmüş M., Öncel M. S., Orak H., Kam E. and Dinçer F. (2008a) Harmantaşı Mevkii (Saros Körfezi-Kuzey Ege Denizi) deniz içi kaynaklar çevresindeki foraminifer ve ostrkaod topluluğuna bu alandaki çevresel koşulların etkisi. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, 136: 63-84.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Yokeş B. and Dinçer F. (2008b) Alibey ve Maden adaları (Ayvalık-Balıkesir) yakın çevresi bentik foraminiferlerinin taksonomik dağılımı. Maden Tetkik ve Arama Dergisi, 137. 49-65.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Nazik A., Yokeş B. and Dinçer F. (2008c) A review of benthic foraminifers and ostracodes of the Antalya coast. Micropaleontology, 54 (3-4), 187-197.
  • Meriç E., Yokeş M.B., Nielsen J. K., Görmüş M., Avşar N. and Dinçer F. (2008d) Abnormal formations in peneroplid foraminifers: Peneroplis-Coscinospira togetherness. Anales de Biologia, 30, 1-7.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Yokeş B., Tuğrul A. B., Bayarı S., Özyurt N., Barut İ. F., Balkis N., Uysal K. and Kam E. (2008e) Morphological abnormalities in benthic foraminifers of the Antalya coast. Micropaleontology, 54 (3-4): 241-276.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Mekik F., Yokeş B., Barut İ.F., Dora Ö., Suner F., Yücesoy-Eryılmaz F., Eryılmaz M., Dinçer F. and Kam E. (2009a) Alibey ve Maden Adaları (Ayvalık-Balıkesir) Çevresi Genç Çökellerinde Gözlenen Bentik Foraminifer Kavkılarındaki Anormal Oluşumlar ve Nedenleri. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, 52(1): 31-84.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Nazik A., Yokeş B., Ergin M., Eryılmaz M., Yücesoy-Eryılmaz F., Gökaşan E., Suner F., Tur H., Aydın Ş. and Dinçer F. (2009b) Çanakkale Boğazı nın güncel bentik foraminifer, ostrakod, mollusk topluluğunu denetleyen faktörler ile çökel dağılımının jeokimyası. Türkiye Jeoloji Bülteni, 52 (2), 155-215.
  • Meriç E., Avşar N., Barut İ. F., Yokeş M. B., Taş S., Eryılmaz M., Dinçer F. and Bircan C. (2009c) Opinions and comments on the benthic foraminiferal assemblages observed around the mineral submarine springs in Kuşadası (Aydın-Turkey). In Barbieri F. (ed) 13th Congress RCMNS:, 2-6 September 2009, Naples, Italy. Acta Naturalia de L Ateneo Parmense, 45(1/4): 222-223.
  • Meriç E., Yokeş M.B., Avşar N. and Bircan C. (2009d) A new observation of abnormal development in benthic foraminifers: Vertebralina-Coscinospira togetherness. Marine Biodiversity Records, 2, e167, doi:10.1017/S1755267209990893.
  • Meriç E., Yokeş M. B., Avşar N. and Bircan C. (2010) An oasis for alien benthic foraminifera in the Aegean Sea. Aquatic Invasions, 5 (2), 191-195.
  • Meriç E, Yokeş MB and Avşar N (2011) A new guest in Ilıca Bay (Çeşme-Izmir-Turkey), Coscinospira acicularis. Marine Biodiversity Records, 4(e94):1-5, doi:10.1017/S1755267211000492.
  • Meriç, E., Avşar, N., Nazik, A., Yokeş, M., Barut, İ. F., Eryılmaz, M., Kam, E., Taşkın, H., Başsarı, A., Dinçer, F., Bircan, C., Kaygun, A., 2012a, Ilıca Koyu (Çeşme-İzmir) bentik foraminifer-ostrakod toplulukları ile Pasifik Okyanusu ve Kızıldeniz kökenli göçmen foraminiferler ve anormal bireyler. M.T.A. Dergisi, 145, 62-78, Ankara.
  • Meriç, E., Avşar, N., Nazik, A., Yokeş, Dora, Ö., Ba¬rut, İ. F., Eryılmaz, M., Dinçer, F., Kam, E., Aksu, A., Taşkın, H., Başsarı, A., Bircan, C., Kaygun, A., 2012b, Karaburun Yarımada¬sı kuzey kıyılarının oşinografik özelliklerinin bentik foraminifer ve ostrakod toplulukları üzerindeki etkileri. M.T.A. Dergisi, 145, 22-47, Ankara.
  • Millett F. W. (1898) Report on the recent foraminifera of the Malay Archipelago collected by Mr. A. Durrand, F. R. M. S. Part III. Journal of the Microscopical Society, 1898: 607-614.
  • Nigam R., Saraswat R. and Kurtarkar S. R. (2006) Laboratory experiment to study the effect of salinity variations on benthic foraminiferal species-Pararotalia nipponica (Asano). Journal Geological Society of India, 67: 41-46.
  • Sellier De Civrieux J. M. (1970) Mutaciones recientes del género Peneroplis y relaciones filogénicas con otros Soritidae. Revista Espanola de Micropaleontologia, 11 (1): 5-12.
  • Sgarrella F. and Moncharmont-Zei M. (1993) Benthic foraminifera of the Gulf of Naples (Italy): systematics and autoecology. Bulletino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana. 32 (2), 145-264.
  • Sharifi A. R. L., Croudace W. and Austin R. L. (1991) Benthic foraminiferids as pollution indicators in Southampton Water, southern England. United Kingdom. Journal of Micropaleontology, 10 (1): 109-113.
  • Sözeri B. (1966) İzmir, Çeşme Ilıcası plaj kumundaki aktuel foraminiferler ve variasyonları. Türkiye Jeoloji Kurumu Bülteni, 10 (1-2): 143-154.
  • Stouff V., Debenay J.-P. and Lesourd M. (1999) Origin of morphological abnormalities in Ammonia (Foraminifera): Studies in laboratory and natural environments. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 29 (2): 152-170.
  • Thierman F., Akoumianaki L., Hughes J. A. and Giere O. (1997) Benthic fauna of a shallow-water gaseohydrothermal vent area in the Aegean Sea (Milos, Greece). Marine Biology, 128 (1): 149-159.
  • Varnavas S. P., Halbach P., Halbach M., Panagiotaras D., Rahders E. and Hubner A. (1999) Characterization of hydrothermal fields and hydrothermal evolution in the Hellenic Volcanic Arc. In Balopoulos E.Th., Chronis G.Th., Lipiatou E. and Oliounine I. (eds) International Conference on Oceanography of the Eastern Mediterranean and Black Sea, Scientific Report. Athens, Greece, 23-26 February 1999. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Commnities, 343-344.
  • Wiesner H. (1923) Die Milioliden der östlichen Adria. Prag-Bubenec. 113 p.
  • Williamson V. C. (1858) On the recent foraminifera of Great Britain. Ray Society, London
  • Yassini I. and Jones B. G. (1995) Foraminiferida and Ostracoda from estuarine and shelf environments on the southeastern coast of Australia. Wollongong: The University of Wollongong Press.
  • Yanko V., Ahmad M. and Kaminsky M. (1998) Morphological deformities of benthic foraminiferal tests in response to pollution by heavy metals: Implications for pollution monitoring. Journal of Foraminiferal Research, 28 (3): 177-200.
  • Yanko V., Arnold A. and Parker W. (1999) The effect of marine pollution on benthic foraminifera: In Sen Gupta, B (ed.) Modern Foraminifera. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 217-235.
  • Zheng Shou-Yi, T. C., Cheng X., Vang T. and Fu X. Z. (1978) The Quaternary foraminifera of the Dayuzhang irrigation area, Shandong Province, and a preliminary attempt at an interpretation of its depisitional environment. Studia Marina Sinica, 13, 16-78.