This Article Statistics
Viewed : 76 Downloaded : 48


Estimation of CPUE and CPUA of pufferfish (Tetraodontidae) caught by the bottom trawl fishery in the eastern Mediterranean coasts

Cemal Turan*

DOI: 10.28978/nesciences.1159210


Two indicators of pufferfish communities, catch per unit effort (CPUE) and catch per unit area (CPUA), were used with surveys of bottom trawl fishery to elucidate the level of the catch of each pufferfish species in the Mediterranean coasts of Turkey, comprising the Iskenderun Bay, Mersin Bay, and Antalya Bay. The surveys were conducted seasonally in 2019. The average rate of CPUE for Lagocephalus sceleratus, L. suezensis, L. spadiceus, and Torquigener flavimaculosus were 2.2, 0.8, 0.5, and 0.2 kg km-2, respectively that the highest CPUE values were in winter (8.0 kg km-2) for L. sceleratus and also lowest was in winter (0.08 kg km-2) for L. spadiceus. The highest and lowest CPUE values were at the depth of 20-50 m (2.7 kg km-2) for L. sceleratus and 50-80 m (0.08 kg km-2) for T. flavimaculosus, respectively. The highest CPUE values (3.5 kg km-2) were found at the sandy bottom for L. sceleratus, and the lowest one (0.01 kg km-2) was at the hardy-ground for T. flavimaculosus. The average annual CPUA of pufferfish species at the Iskenderun, Mersin, and Antalya bays was estimated as 15.6, 28.4, and 6.81 kg, respectively, with a mean value of 17.3 kg/day/boat. In multiple correspondence analysis, L. sceleratus showed a great contribution to CPUE and CPUA data. However, T. flavimaculosus revealed contribution, especially in catch numbers which were positively affected by precipitation. L. spadiceus, L. suezensis, and T. flavimaculosus were positively affected by depth, temperature, month, season, and bottom structure.


Pufferfish, CPUE, CPUA, Mediterranean coast of Turkey

Download full text   |   How to Cite   |   Download XML Files

  • Bingel, F. (Ed.) (2002). Balık Popülasyonlarının İncelenmesi. Baki Publishing House, Adana, Turkey.
  • Dragičević, B., Anadoli, O., Angel, D., Benabdi, M., Bitar, G., Castriota, l., Crocetta, F., Deidun, A., Dulčić, J., Edelist, D., Gerovasileiou, V., Giacobbe, S., Goruppi, A., Guy-haim, T., Konstantinidis, E., Kuplik, Z., Langeneck, J., Macali, A., Manitaras, I., Michailidis, N., Michaloudi, E., Ovalis, P., Perdikaris, C., Pillon, R., Piraino, S., Renda, W., Rizgalla, J., Spinelli, A., Tempesti, J., Tiralongo, F., Tirelli, V., Tsiamis, K., Turan, C., Uygur, N., Zava, B., Zenetos, A. (2019). New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records 2019. Mediterranean Marine Science, 20(3), 645-656. http://dx.doi.org/10.12681/mms.20913.
  • Froese, R., & Pauly. D. (Eds). (2022). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. www.fishbase.org, version (04/2022).
  • Gulland, J.A. (Ed.) (1983). Fish Stock Assessment: A Manual of Basic Methods. 1st edition, Wiley, New York, USA.
  • Haggarty, D. R., & King, J. R. (2006). CPUE as an index of relative abundance for nearshore reef fishes. Fisheries Research, 81(1), 89-93. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2006.05.015.
  • Hilborn, R., & Walters, C. J. (Eds.) (1992). Stock and Recruitment. pp. 241-296. In: Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-3598-0_7.
  • Köşker, A. R., Özogul, F., Ayas, D., Durmus, M., Ucar, Y., Regenstein, J. M., & Özogul, Y. (2019). Tetrodotoxin levels of three pufferfish species (Lagocephalus sp.) caught in the North-Eastern Mediterranean Sea. Chemosphere, 219, 95-99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2018.12.010.
  • Maunder, M. N. (2001). A General Framework for Integrating the Standardization of Catch Per unit of Effort into Stock Assessment Models. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58, 765-803. https://doi.org/10.1139/f01-029.
  • Maunder, M. N., Sibert, J. R., Fonteneau, A., Hampton, J., Kleiber, P., & Harley, S. J. (2006). Interpreting catch per unit effort data to assess the status of individual stocks and communities. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 63(8), 1373-1385. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icesjms.2006.05.008.
  • Munro, P. T., & Somerton, D. A. (2002). Estimating net efficiency of a survey trawl for flatfishes. Fisheries Research, 55(1-3), 267-279. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00280-6
  • Ovando, D., Hilborn, R., Monnahan, C., Rudd, M., Sharma, R., Thorson, J.T., Rousseau, Y. & Ye, Y. (2021). Improving estimates of the state of global fisheries depends on better data. Fish and Fisheries, 22(6), 1377-1391. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12593.
  • Petrere, M., Giacomini, H. C., De Marco Jr., P. (2010) Catch-per-unit-effort: which estimator is best? Brazilian Journal of Biology, 70, 483-491. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842010005000010
  • Siokou, I., Ates, A., Ayas, D., Ben Souissi, J., Chatterjee, T., Dimiza, M., Durgham, H., Dogrammatzi, K., Erguden, D., Gerakaris, V., Grego, M., Issaris, Y., Kadis, K., Katagan, T., Kapiris, K., Katsanevakis, S., Kerckhof, F., Papastergiadou, E., Pesic, V., Polychronidis, L., Rifi, M., Salomidi, M., Sezgin, M., Triantaphyllou, M., Tsiamis, K., Turan, C., Tziortzis, I., D’udekem D’acoz, C., Yaglioglu, D., Zaouali, J., & Zenetos, A. (2013). New Mediterranean Marine biodiversity records (2013). Mediterranean Marine Science, 14(1), 238–249. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.450.
  • Sparre, P., & Venema, S. C. (Eds.) (1998). Introduction to Tropical Fish Stock Assessment-Part 1 Manual. FAO, Rome, Italy.
  • Stamouli, C., Akel, E. H. K., Azzurro, E., Bakiu, R., Bas, A. A., Bitar, G., Boyaci, Y., Cakalli, M., Corsinifoka, M., Crocetta, F., Dragičević, B., Dulčić, J., Durucan, F., Zrelli, R. E., Erguden, D., Filiz, H.,Giardina, F., Giovos, İ., Gönülal, O., Hemida, F., Kassar, A., Kondylatos, G., Macali, A., Mancini, E.,Ovalis, P., Paladini De Mendoza, F., Pavičič, M., Rabaoui, L., Rizkalla, S., Tiralongo, F., Turan, C.,Vrdoljak, D., Yapici, S., & Zenetos, A. 2017. New Mediterranean Biodiversity Records (2017). Mediterranean Marine Science, 18(3), 534–556. https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.15823.
  • Turan, C. (2020). Species distribution modelling of invasive alien species; Pterois miles for current distribution and future suitable habitats. Global Journal of Environmental Science and Management. Manage, 6(4), 429-440. https://doi.org/10.17017/j.fish.307.
  • Turan, C. (2021). Data-limited stock assessment of two horse mackerel species (Trachurus mediterraneus and T. trachurus) from the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 44, 101732. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2021.101732.
  • Turan, C. (2022). Data-limited stock assessment of red mullet (Mullus barbatus) from the Iskenderun Bay, the north-eastern Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Fisheries, 10(2), 1-8. https://doi.org/10.17017/j.fish.307
  • Turan, C., & Doğdu, S. A. (2022). Preliminary Assessment of Invasive Lionfish Pterois miles Using Underwater Visual Census Method in the Northeastern Mediterranean. Croatian Journal of Fisheries: Ribarstvo, 80(1), 38-46. https://doi.org/10.2478cjf-2022-0005.
  • Turan, C., Ergüden, D., & Gürlek, M. (2016). Climate change and biodiversity effects in Turkish Seas. Natural and Engineering Sciences, 1(2), 15-24. https://doi.org/10.28978/nesciences.286240.
  • Turan, C., Gürlek, M., Başusta, N., Uyan, A., Doğdu, S. A., & Karan, S. (2018). A checklist of the non-indigenous fishes in Turkish marine waters. Natural and Engineering Sciences, 3(3), 333-358. https://doi.org/10.28978/nesciences.468995.
  • Ünal, V., Göncüoğlu, H., Durgun, D., Tosunoğlu, Z., Deval, C., & Turan, C. (2015). Silver-cheeked toadfish, Lagocephalus sceleratus (Actinopterygii: Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae), causes a substantial economic losses in the Turkish Mediterranean coast: A call for decision makers. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 45(3), 231-237. https://doi.org/10.3750/aip2015.45.3.02.
  • Wieland, K., Olesen, H. J., Pedersen, E. M. F., & Beyer, J. E. (2011). Potential bias in estimates of abundance and distribution of North Sea cod (Gadus morhua) due to strong winds prevailing prior or during a survey. Fisheries Research, 110(2), 325-330. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres.2011.04.023.
  • Yağlıoğlu, D., Turan, C., & Öğreden, T. (2014). First record of blue crab Callinectes sapidus (Rathbun 1896)(Crustacea, Brachyura, Portunidae) from the Turkish Black Sea coast. Journal of Black Sea/Mediterranean Environment, 20(1), 13-17.
  • Ye, Y., Al-Husaini, M., & Al-Baz, A. (2001). Use of generalized linear models to analyze catch rates having zero values: the Kuwait driftnet fishery. Fisheries Research, 53, 151-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00287-3.
  • Zeinali, F., Kamrani, E., & Parsa, M. (2017). CPUE, CPUA and distribution patterns of four demersal fishes in coastal waters of the northern Persian Gulf, Iran. Nusantara Bioscience, 9(1), 12-17. https://doi.org/10.13057/nusbiosci/n090103.